What we evaluate

The following table shows the number of participants and the tools available in each wave::

Participants

C11
2011-2012
C11 2014-2015C11 2018C19 2019-2020C19
Subest. COVID
2020
C11 2021C19 2021
Cohort 2011 (C11)4.753 Baseline2.528
2nd wave
1.576
3rd wave
1.576
3rd wave
4ª wave4ª wave
Cohort 2019 (C19)3.000
Baseline
3.000
Baseline
1.185
Subest.
COVID
2ª wave2ª wave

Tools

ToolsC11 2011-2012C11 2014-2015C11 2018C19 2019-2020C19 Subest. COVID 2020C11 2021C19 2021
Household compositionX
Sociodemographic featuresX
Cognitive reserve questionnaire (Rami et al., 2011)XXX
The «Mini-cognitive test» (Lobo et al., 1979)XX
Work history and benefitsX
Disability assessment (WHO-DAS II), 12 items (Luciano et al., 2010)
Activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily livingX
Multidimensional assessment of health condition (Salomon et al., 2003)X
Blood pressureX
Walking speedX
Immediate and delayed recall. Consortium to establish an Alzheimer’s disease registry (Morris et al., 1989)X
Forward and backward digit span tests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (2008)X
Verbal fluency. Animal naming technique (Rosen et al., 1980)X
Tobacco and alcohol consumption
Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) (Martínez-González et al., 2012)X
Mini-nutritional assessment (Kaiser et al., 2009)XX
Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) version 2 (Armstrong and Bull, 2006)
Presence of chronic conditionsX
Urinary incontinence (Espuña et al., 2004)XXX
Depression 12 months CIDI (Kessler & Üstun, 2004)X
Depression throughout the life course CIDI (Kessler & Üstun, 2004)XX
CIDI generalized anxiety disorder (Kessler & Üstun, 2004)X
CIDI panic disorder (Kessler & Üstun, 2004)X
CIDI Suicide (Kessler & Üstun, 2004)X
CIDI agoraphobia (Kessler & Üstun, 2004)XXXXX
Threatening experiences (Brugha & Cragg, 1990)XXXXX
Use of medical servicesX
Eysenck personality questionnaire, N, E and S scales (Sandín et al., 2002)XXXXX
Stressful life events (Brugha and Cragg, 1990)XXXXX
Social participation. Based on the social isolation scale (Shankar et al., 2011)XXX
OSLO Social Support Scale (OSS-3) (Dalgard et al., 2006)
UCLA Loneliness Scale (Hughes et al., 2004)
Suspicion of abuse of the elderly (Pérez Rojo et al., 2008)XXX
Caregiver’s burden (Zarit, 1980)XXX
Households in material deprivation (INE, 2019)XXX
Subjective Socioeconomic Status (Präg et al., 2016)XXX
Quality of life (WHOQOL-AGE) (Caballero et al., 2013)X
Perceived well-being scale (Cantril, 1965)
StressX
Reconstruction of daily life (Kahneman, 2004)X
Sleep quality index (6 items) (Macías & Royuela, 1996)XXXX
Subjective well-being (Diener et al., 2009)XXX
Brief resilience scale (Rodríguez-Rey et al., 2016)XXXX
Built Environment Self-Reported Questionnaire (CBE-SR)XXXXXX
Interviewer evaluationX
COVID sub-study questionnaire
Questions about COVID infectionXXXXXX
Social relationships during confinementXXXXXX
Depression 30 daysXXXXXX
Anxiety 30 daysXXXXXX
Panic attacksXXXXXX
Suicidal ideationXXXXXX
Mental health and wellnessXXXXXX
LifestylesXXXXXX
Economic aspectsXXXXXX
Proxy questionnaire
Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly (IQCODE-Short Form) (Jorm et al., 1994)X


References

Armstrong, T., & Bull, F. (2006). Development of the world health organization global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ). Journal of Public Health14(2), 66-70.

Brugha, T. S., & Cragg, D. (1990). The list of threatening experiences: the reliability and validity of a brief life events questionnaire. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica82(1), 77-81.

Caballero, F. F., Miret, M., Power, M., Chatterji, S., Tobiasz-Adamczyk, B., Koskinen, S., … & Ayuso-Mateos, J. L. (2013). Validation of an instrument to evaluate quality of life in the aging population: WHOQOL-AGE. Health and quality of life outcomes11(1), 177.

Cantril, H. (1965). The pattern of human concern. New Brunswick: Rutgers University.

Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D. W., Oishi, S., et al. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 97, 143–156.

Espuña Pons, M., Rebollo Álvarez, P., & Puig Clota, M. (2004). Validación de la versión española del International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form. Un cuestionario para evaluar la incontinencia urinaria. Medicina clinica122(8), 288-292.

Hughes, M. E., Waite, L. J., Hawkley, L. C., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2004). A short scale for measuring loneliness in large surveys: Results from two population-based studies. Research on aging26(6), 655-672.

Insituto Nacional de estadística (2019). Riesgo de pobreza y/o exclusión social (estrategia Europa 2020). Indicador AROPE

https://www.ine.es/ss/Satellite?L=es_ES&c=INESeccion_C&cid=1259941637944&p=1254735110672&pagename=ProductosYServicios/PYSLayout

Jorm, A. F. (1994). A short form of the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE): development and cross-validation. Psychological medicine24(1), 145-153.

Kahneman, D., Krueger, A. B., Schkade, D. A., Schwarz, N., & Stone, A. A. (2004). A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: The day reconstruction method. Science306(5702), 1776-1780.

Kaiser, M. J., Bauer, J. M., Ramsch, C., Uter, W., Guigoz, Y., Cederholm, T., … & Tsai, A. C. (2009). Validation of the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA®-SF): A practical tool for identification of nutritional status. JNHA-The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging13(9), 782.

Kessler, R. C., & Üstün, T. B. (2004). The world mental health (WMH) survey initiative version of the world health organization (WHO) composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). International journal of methods in psychiatric research13(2), 93-121.

Kocalevent, R. D., Berg, L., Beutel, M. E., Hinz, A., Zenger, M., Härter, M., … & Brähler, E. (2018). Social support in the general population: standardization of the Oslo social support scale (OSSS-3). BMC psychology6(1), 31.

Lobo, A., Gómez, A., & Folstein, M. F. (1979). El” Mini-examen cognocitivo” en pacientes geriártricos. Folia neuropsiquiátrica: Revista de psicología, psiquiatría y ciencias afines14(1), 245-251.

Luciano, J. V., Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., Aguado, J., Fernandez, A., Serrano-Blanco, A., Roca, M., & Haro, J. M. (2010). The 12-item world health organization disability assessment schedule II (WHO-DAS II): a nonparametric item response analysis. BMC medical research methodology10(1), 45.

Macías, J. A., & Royuela, A. (1996). The Spanish version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Infor Psiquiatr146(465), 472.

Martínez-González, M. A., García-Arellano, A., Toledo, E., Salas-Salvado, J., Buil-Cosiales, P., Corella, D., … & Fiol, M. (2012). A 14-item Mediterranean diet assessment tool and obesity indexes among high-risk subjects: the PREDIMED trial. PloS one7(8), e43134.

Morris, J. C., Mohs, R. C., & Rogers, H. (1989). Consortium To Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s Disease (CERAD) Clinical and Neuropsychological. Psychopharmacology bulletin24(3-4), 641.

Pérez-Rojo, G., Castiello, M. T. S., & Jaquotot, M. T. A. (2008). Aportación española a los avances internacionales en la adaptación lingüística y cultural de un instrumento de detección de sospecha de maltrato hacia personas mayores. Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología43(3), 180-188.

Präg, P., Mills, M. C., & Wittek, R. (2016). Subjective socioeconomic status and health in cross-national comparison. Social Science & Medicine149, 84-92.

Rami, L., Valls-Pedret, C., Bartrés-Faz, D., Caprile, C., Solé-Padullés, C., Castellví, M., … & Molinuevo, J. (2011). Cuestionario de reserva cognitiva. Valores obtenidos en población anciana sana y con enfermedad de Alzheimer. Revista de Neurología52(4), 195-201.

Rodríguez-Rey, R., Alonso-Tapia, J., & Hernansaiz-Garrido, H. (2016). Reliability and validity of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) Spanish Version. Psychological assessment28(5), e101.

Rosen, W. G. (1980). Verbal fluency in aging and dementia. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology2(2), 135-146.

Salomon, J. A., Mathers, C. D., Chatterji, S., Sadana, R., Ustun, T. B., & Murray, C. J. (2003). Quantifying individual levels of health: definitions, concepts and measurement issues. Health Systems Performance Assessment: Debate, Methods, and Empiricism, 301-18.

Sandín, B., Valiente, R. M., Montes, M. O., Chorot, P., & Germán, M. A. S. (2002). Versión española del cuestionario EPQR-Abreviado (EPQR-A)(II): Replicación factorial, fiabilidad y validez. Revista de psicopatología y psicología clínica7(3), 207-216.

Shankar, A., McMunn, A., Banks, J., & Steptoe, A. (2011). Loneliness, social isolation, and behavioral and biological health indicators in older adults. Health Psychology30(4), 377.

Wechsler, D. (2008). Wechsler adult intelligence scale–Fourth Edition (WAIS–IV). San Antonio, TX: NCS Pearson22(498), 1.

Zarit, S. H., Reever, K. E., & Bach-Peterson, J. (1980). Relatives of the impaired elderly: correlates of feelings of burden. The gerontologist20(6), 649-655.